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Madagascar
Keymaster

Tsarahafatra. It is this palace, one of the many that is found in Anatirova which is bombed by the French during the expedition to Madagascar in September 1895. There are only left on its site stones of stone columns while the flag White is raised on Manjakamiadana.
It all began with the treaty of 1885 signed between the French ambassadors and the Prime Minister to put an end to the first Franco-Hova war. This treaty deals in particular with Madagascar’s relations with foreign countries. An ambiguity hovers, especially with regard to its Malagasy translation. This allowed the Prime Minister later to interpret the provisions of the treaty concerning the exequatur of consuls and foreign representatives other than the French. This happened in 1890. In 1894 the French government saw it as a violation of the treaty and made it a pretext for a second war which would become the decisive campaign of 1895.
Beginning with the landing at Mahajanga of the expeditionary force commanded by General Metzinger on 1 March 1895, it ended with the capture of Antananarivo on 10 September by General Duchesne: Madagascar was proclaimed a French protectorate. Fifty-five days later, the first resistance movement known as “Menalamba” appeared. The French resident Hippolyte Laroche (January-August 1896) is considered too weak to quell the “fahavalo” (enemies or rebels).
He was immediately replaced by General Joseph Simon Gallieni who, by force, re-established order. In France, the Chamber of Deputies takes a unilateral decision and declares
6 August 1896, Madagascar French colony. A few months later, on 28 February 1897, Queen Ranavalona III was deposed and sent into exile to Reunion and then to Algeria, by a decree of Gallieni which, on its own initiative and without explicit authorization of the government, abolished Merina royalty.
Madagascar entered the colonial bracket which will definitely end on 26 June 1960.

Period that will be marked by different liberation movements called each time “rebellion” by the colonial government and the last, the Democratic Movement of Malagasy renovation would be the most deadly. The number of persons who died, directly or indirectly, among the fugitives hidden in the forests of the East, varies according to historians and according to their obedience. Between 30,000 and 100,000.
But back to the Rova of Antananarivo, one of the symbols of Malagasy sovereignty, and its palaces. Fathers Malzac and Abinal define the “Rova” as “a palisade made with pointed woods and surrounding the residence of sovereigns, some princes and even governors merina of provinces”. In other words, the enclosure where the Lapa (s), palace or large house is located …
In 1855, Father Finaz visited Ranavalona I. “Arriving in front of the gate of the court, we came down from our chairs (filanjana); Our conductors caused four rows of bayonets to be raised successively, crossed in bundles, which fell again after our passage. The door of the court opened and we entered with the right foot (this is the protocol) and hat low. We then found ourselves in a court almost square, of medium size, all surrounded by a clean palisade, wooden squared and bound with iron … “
Several palaces and adjoining rooms, tombs and a Protestant temple are noticed in the Rova. They are built at different times symbolizing the reign of successive sovereigns and sovereigns. Some remain, others have disappeared or are destroyed. After climbing a large stone staircase, one reaches the Rova by a monumental door also in stone, contemporary of the great Palace. The latter is called Manjakamiadana, “where it will be easy, easy to rule” or “where one rules without worry”, but this last translation seems to give the word “miadana” a somewhat too restrictive meaning.
The building is built by Jean Laborde for Ranavalona I. Father Malzac thus expresses himself in connection with the palace: “He built for the queen the palace of Manjakamiadana, which far surpasses in magnificence all that had previously been done. To give an idea of ​​its dimensions, suffice it to say that the enormous central column which rises to the height of 39 meters, and which required several thousand men to go and fetch it. According to the Reverend Radley, this colossal tree is mined in the forest that descends to Mananjary and it takes 10,000 men for its transport, of which 2,000 would have died from privations, fatigue or crushed. Finally, nineteen days are necessary to hoist the famous column.

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