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Madagascar News Forums Food for thought the domination of the Merina oligarchy Reply To: the domination of the Merina oligarchy


We talk constantly of Tantara ny Andriana eto Madagascar. When will the Tantaran’ny andevo? “This sentence is launched by Condominas Professor in 1977, at the seminar held at the University Department of History of Madagascar on the theme of” Oral traditions and history. ” One of the actions taken by the resident general of France, Hippolyte Laroche in Madagascar, during his short stay, was to promulgate the decree of 26 September 1896 on the abolition of slavery throughout the island (see note ).
In a study conducted by Bakoly Domenichini-Ramiaramanana and Jean-Pierre Domenichini on “aspects of slavery under the Merina monarchy according to the laws and regulations” (review of historical studies “Omaly sy anio” University Madagascar, January-June 1982), the two historians point out that the general resident came to the decision that being “fundamentally persuaded not have to cause any disorder.”
Indeed, it is a local commission to study the general and specific situation of the company and of each
individual. This then made several findings.
The first is that Imerina under the monarchy, the slaves are up just over a third of the population. The “Bulletin of Madagascar” of November 1966 indicates the results of the census conducted in 1896 for the four main districts of Imerina least nineteen villages whose results have not yet reached the general residence in the 12th March 1896: 216,697 slaves (36.19% of the population) to 337,637 free subjects (56.39%) and 44 354 noble (7.40%).
But the slaves are not the number of subjects of the queen, therefore, “should not be too opposed to emancipation. Instead perhaps, despite the loss of registration tax sales. ” This is why the circular of 15 October 1896 Rasanjy who serves as prime minister, is the need to register freed slaves, as an individual and as a married subject with legitimate children, “as the were already free people. “
Second finding of the study committee: “At least in Antananarivo, slave owners, they are many, regarded as already achieved a measure that indeed they were expecting.” They take “blithely” their party when they managed the new “wish of the Chamber of Deputies on the immediate emancipation of slaves in Madagascar.”
Third finding, say the members of the commission, the slaves are not all poor. Some even have “real or personal property acquired by inheritance or their money.” Even if they are still considered “minor children” even married or have dependent family, and even if they can not dispose freely without the permission of their masters.
These are not all of odious characters, say the members of the commission. These are people whose “generosity towards their slaves could be personal property given in any property or real estate pledged as
usufruct. ” Moreover, many freedmen instead of separating from their former masters, they remain committed and continue to
stay with them and we can hope that “freed slaves if they had good relations with their former masters, will be able to find freedom from want.”
At 100 francs per person on average, all slaves Imerina, as recorded in 1896, then represent the actual market price, capital of about 22 million francs. The general residence esteem and to compensate for the loss by saying: “France will not hit on the people of Madagascar no extraordinary war contribution.