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If the alliance with the French can serve as an asset to the Merina, the dependence it creates, does not necessarily compensate for the advantages that Tsimiaro can derive from it. “He certainly benefits from a pension, the rate of which remains unchanged for more than forty years of reign. Thanks to the action of the French Catholic missionaries who work in the small islands, he can also satisfy his great desire to learn, since he is fluent in French and to benefit his children and his subjects “(The relations of King Tsimiaro With the Merina and the French, seen by documents of the time (1832-1882) by Micheline Ramiaramanana, at the International Colloquium of History from 27 July to 1 August 1987 in Antsiranana.
During his journeys to Nosy Be, the king has one box and he is entitled to rations
Allocated by the particular commander. Another attention of which the king is the object: at the moment of the signing of the treaty of 1841, he was conducted to the island of Bourbon, received and treated as a friend by the governor, Admiral de Hell. “Then they pay him high honors: cannon shots, festivals, balls and shows. The admiral gave him a complete dress: clothes, epaulettes, saber and headgear. “
However, “in view of the fact that interests are not necessarily convergent or complementary and that any affirmation of personality risks breaking an authority based on relations of domination, good understanding becomes more than once problematic”.
Beginning in 1842, the year of Tsimiaro’s conversion to the Islamic religion, previously excellent relations with French Catholic missionaries deteriorated. “Abbé Dalmont, enchanted by the warm hospitality of the king, the subtlety of his intelligence, and his ease in keeping everything fast, remembers nothing but his greed.” He did not understand why a polygamous sovereign could not share his enthusiasm For “the sublime teachings of the Church on Christian marriage” (La Vaissiere).
An affair of seemingly innocuous nature likely to call into question the very foundations of
Royalty and which reveals the total difference of the systems of value, opposes the king antankarana to Derussat, the particular commander of Nosy Be.
According to Tsimiaro, according to Tsimiaro, the custom of prescribing all Antankarana to mourn and cut off his hair after the death of a prince in 1861, refuses not only to conform to the traditions, but also “insolent remarks against him “. The united council (kabary) condemns him to the confiscation of his 87 oxen, his rice and all that he has at Nosy Faly. Having lived for a long time at Nosy Be, Finazo complained to the private commander, who condemned the king to the restitution of the confiscated property. The day he went to Nosy Be, Tsimiaro was called a “thief! Brigand! “.
In reality, the main crime he is accused of is to profess the Muslim religion and to put on his lands the flag of his ancestors (white canvas with new moon and star) beside the French flag. The king explained to Derussat that, at the moment of yielding a part of his lands, it was agreed with the French officers with whom he treated that he would remain the absolute master of the portion of his estates, Administer his subjects according to the laws and customs in use, and that the French would not interfere in his internal administration. “
“Verbal promises, no doubt, which are not included in the text of the treaty,” explain the hard words of Derussat with regard to the king. At the moment of his departure from Nosy Be, Tsimiaro is the object of an attack to which he escapes by the purest of chances. This treatment, judged inadmissible, determined him to address a complaint to the Emperor of the French, Napoleon III. Commandant Dupre, commander of the naval station, “consulted on this affair and singularly lacking objectivity”, agrees with the particular commander and refuses to consider the petition as serious.
Worse, he urges Derussat not to spare Tsimiaro and “to retain on his pension and the value of the theft and a fine if he did not execute with good grace.” Disappointed and discontented, the king took advantage of the death of Ranavalona I to write to his son Radama II (1861-1863). He complains of the French usurpers of their territories and proposes to him to unite their troops to drive the French of Nosy Be. “Radama II, not only does not respond to its openings, but adopts an attitude for the less questionable, informs the commander of the Naval Station!