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King of the Sakalava bemazava of Sambirano (1895-1919), son of King Monja, Tsiaraso I participates in the Second Franco-Hova War.
He has many reasons to feel anger against the French. After the annexation
Of 1896, contrary to his expectation, he witnessed the raid by the settlers of the lands of his kingdom.
What causes the emigration of the Sakalava with their cattle to other horizons,
Especially in height, sometimes already occupied. His sister is also kidnapped by militia Frontin of Ambalavelona who treats her as a commoner. To top it all, taxes no longer return to his kingdom, and in passing to Nosy Be on July 8, 1898, shortly before the revolt broke out, “General Gallieni threatened him with dismissal if he did not execute the Instructions “(Ambalavelona or the anticolonial insurrection in the north-west of Madagascar in 1898 of Cassam Aly Ndandahizara).
On October 25, 1898, the insurrection known by the Sakalava under the name of “Ady t’Ambalavelona” broke out, during which the militia guards and the settlers of Sambirano and Ankaizina were massacred. Tsiaraso I, Tsialana II and Queen Binao, the three sovereigns of the region in full uprising, are placed under house arrest under the
Captain Laverdure at Ambato.
In 1900, they were taken to Antananarivo, near General Pennequin, who took over the duties of General Gallieni on leave. It was then decided, in essence, that the lands allotted to the settlers would be limited to those included in the perimeter of colonization. Tsiraso I will bear the posthumous name of Andriamandilatrarivo, the prince-who-surpasses-the-thousand.
Tsialana II, succeeds his father Tsimiaro I on the throne (1883-1922), in the kingdom antankarana entirely under the sovereignty merina, except the archipelago Mitsio where it resides. He also participated in all Franco-Hova hostilities (1883-1885, 1894-1895) which took place in his kingdom, directing his troops on all fronts. But later, disappointed and dissatisfied with the French, he also took part in the insurrection of the Sambirano by sending troops under the command of Djaokely. His brother Mamba, accused of being in the pay of the Merina, was exiled by the French on Île Sainte-Marie where he died in 1898.
Tsialana II left Nosy Mitsio in 1896 to settle in the present village of Ambatoaranana to reorganize a completely abused kingdom for more than fifty years. He is the first king antankarana buried according to the Muslim rites. He is now posthumously (fitahia) the name of Andriamagnorogniarivo, the prince-rebutisseur-des-mille.
Binao, the queen of Sakalava bemihisatra (1880-1923) is still a child when she succeeds her mother Safy Mozongo, the younger daughter of Andriantsoly. She reigns under the regency of her father Bebaka. He was then appointed governor, a position he left on March 18, 1907. As for his half-brother Amada, he was appointed deputy governor by decision of the chief of the province of Nosy Be.
Leaving the islet Kisomamy which was the residence of his mother, Binao settles to Ampasimena on the Great Earth. Like the other two kings of the Northwest, it also participates in the two Franco-Merina conflicts, alongside the French, supplying men to reinforce the French troops on the coast of their kingdoms. And like her peers, dissatisfied, she entrusts to Mataopiso the direction of the forces sakalava bemihisatra during the insurrection against the colonists.
“After the agreement of Antananarivo in 1900, having no children, intelligent woman and
Generous, she was able to benefit her relatives by granting concessions. When she died, she was buried in Tsinjoarivo, in the royal cemetery (Mahabo) of Nosy Komba, which violated her will. However, in 1941, in order to respect his desire, his remains
Mortuary are transferred (magnaingafia) to Manongarivo, on the island of Nosy Be.
His posthumous name is Andriamanjakamboniarivo, the-princess-who-reigns-above-the-thousand.