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Madagascar
Keymaster

The day of Wednesday, a splendid day for wars, was chosen by the three sovereigns of northwestern Madagascar, Tsialana II, Tsiaraso I and Binao, to raise their peoples against the oppression of the French colonists, protected by the French local authorities . On October 26, 1898, the insurrection began with the attack on the Marotolana post in Upper Sambirano.
The insurgents of the region headed for the village of Ambalavelona. There they make the junction with the troops of Djaokely, parties at the same time of Amboromalandy-Anaborano, in the district of Ambilobe. They raid all the whites who are on their way.
Mataopiso, which leads the Sakalava d’Ampasimena, on its side, ascends the peninsula of Anorotsangana, sweeping ashore the settlers who settled there. It reaches the regions of Ankaramy, Maromandia, Andranosamonta. The rebellion affects Bealanana, in the region of Ankaizina. The insurgents are preparing to invade the region of Vohémar, but they are outstripped by the Senegalese troops.
“All the Sambirano was burning, especially the village of Ambalavelona, ​​the chief post of the militia, attacked several times. That is why, in their oral history, the Sakalava designate this insurrection by ady t’Ambalavelona “, the war of Ambalavelona (” Ambalavelona or the anticolonial insurrection in the Northwest of Madagascar in 1898 “of Cassam Aly Ndandahizara) .
The French authorities of Nosy Be and Analalava are convinced that Tsiaraso, Tsialana II and Binao are behind the uprising. In particular the king of the Sakalava of Sambirano since the central nucleus of the rebellion is in his kingdom.
Thus Lamolle, chief of the province of Analalava, suggests to General Joseph Simon Gallieni to abolish the royalties of the Northwest. “The Antankarana and the Sakalava were not necessary for the expansion of colonization by their fallacious characters,” he insists.
He also proposes to withdraw their authorities and replace them with civil servants from the people who will carry out their administrative functions. A proposal that is not a novelty since Gallieni already has it in mind since his passage to Nosy Be, but he hesitates to apply them in the immediate future.
On April 23, 1899, the governor general left on leave, and General Pennequin, a well-known figure of the Sakalava and the Antankarana, assumed the interim. He knows very well that the antankarana and sakalava warriors helped the French to conquer the whole of Madagascar, especially against the Merina. He is “the man of the circumstance to save the three kingdoms during his second stay in Madagascar”.
General Gallieni, on his return from his absence, arrived at Ambato-Boeny on the 21st of June, 1901, accompanied by Captain Laverdure, master of the place. It is here that many prisoners, leaders of the insurrection, are kept, despite the general amnesty decision taken at Mahajanga on 3 July 1900. The Governor General confirms this measure of clemency.
Indeed, “for General Gallieni, to govern and build the colonization of Madagascar, being with hypocrites was not the right solution. It was necessary to use all the forces involved, therefore to reconcile with the representatives of all the tribes and to use them. It was absolutely necessary to apply the policy of the races, that is to say to govern through the originals of each region “.
He began his new policy by repatriating the body of former Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony, who died in Algiers, who arrived in September 1900 and was buried on 4 October in the family Mausoleum. He continues by pardoning Rabozaka and his co-exiles in La Réunion who find Madagascar, their homeland, and freedom.