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Madagascar
Keymaster

In his study of the Tananarivian population in 1968, Gerald Donque points out that belonging to a religion complicates the social structure and plays a non-negligible role in the choice of the spouse. At least half a century ago.
“A majority of Andriana is of Protestant religion for following the Queen (Ranavalona II) during her conversion. Nevertheless, both in Andriana and in other castes, Catholicism has gained ground. In fact, the Tananarivian population constitutes a “religious mosaic” and religion can still constitute an impassable barrier in marriage after the caste criterion.
Other factors of differentiation in Antananarivo: gender and standard of living, level of education, state of wealth or occupation. Distinctions which do not, however, modify the prohibition which may strike a caste in matters of marriage, while introducing a new hierarchy within it. It is “modeled on that of the Western countries of developed economy”, and distinguishes a rich or wealthy upper class, a middle class and a poor class.
In general, because of their origin and the privileges attached to them, Andriana and Hova were able to acquire or to have their descendants acquire an economic level much superior in general to that of the Andevo. They were able to give them a European
To the functions of public or private executives. What, with some exceptions, the descendants of Andevo could not do despite the will of the rulers to abolish any distinction of racial, ethnic, religious, social …
Moreover, as the city was born on the hill of Analamanga which is the center of Antananarivo, the capital is lowered on both sides of the Rova of kings and queens. To the south, it abruptly ends with the cliffs of Ambohipotsy, a belvedere from where the view leads to the first foothills of the Ankaratra. To the north, the descent is made by two levels, Andohalo then Ambohijatovo.
From this last level, a doubling and a divergence of the line of the heights take place. A branch descends gradually towards the north, intersected by projections forming as many nipples (Ambatovinaky, Ambatonakanga, Antaninarenina, Isotry). One second, more
Regular and more continuous, constitutes the backbone of Faravohitra. Between the two, the valley of Analakely which expands towards the north, in the present districts of Tsaralalana and Antanimena.
To the east, a narrow valley runs from south to north, formed by the districts of Ambanidia, Ankadivato and Ampandrana, while to the west begins the great plain of Betsimitatatra after
A last hill climb: Ambohijanahary. At the foot of this one spreads since Radama I the lake Anosy surrounded by marshy areas (Mahamasina, Ampefiloha, 67ha). All this is then connected by paths and stairs.
During the colonization, the roads of the city, the drainage and the earthworks of the Analakely valley, followed by the creation of a new district intended to shelter the Zoma and which will become the pole Commercial of the city.
Thanks to all these works, the agglomeration extends to the north (Tsaralalàna, Antanimena) and to the west (Mahamasina). The small peripheral hamlets connected by roads meet, while the city which extends along the roads, reaches the populous suburbs, the rural villages that are urbanized. This requires the drilling of the Garbit and Ambanidia tunnels.