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#362
Madagascar
Keymaster

According to instructions he receives from the Governor of Mauritius, Constable Chardenoux brings with him two of the younger brothers of Radama I, Rahovy and Ratafika. Sir Robert Farquhar expects much from the stay of the two young princes, for he wishes to give them a solid instruction and an initiation into Western manners. He thinks, if not, that on their return to Madagascar they will become the best ambassadors of English influence.
The governor of Mauritius entrusted the education of the young men to a Scottish sergeant of the Army of the Indies, James Hastie, of whom he was said to have “noticed courage and decision in a fire which had occurred some time before” (Chapus). The choice of James Hastie is also explained by the fact that the governor of Mauritius receives good information about his account, given by the command of the troops and by his officers.
In order to enable the preceptor to carry out his task, he drafts Instructions on how he conceives the education of the young princes housed in the Reduced.
“In the first place,” he writes, “your aim will be to gain the esteem and consideration of these young men by attentive, vigilant and paternal care in every respect, being especially concerned about the cleanliness of their bodies, their clothes , Their accommodation and bedding. You will teach them punctuality and accuracy, even in the smallest points concerning those objects that are so important for their health and for the ease of the people they will be attending. “
Farquhar specifies that Hastie must avoid favoring familiarity with the two young people because it is incompatible with strict obedience to all his directives. By correcting his own behavior, he sets an example and thus any lack of respect, carelessness or disobedience can be sufficiently marked by an expression of his disapproval, “without you having to resort to More stringent measures “.
The preceptor must send a daily report on the conduct and progress of the two young princes, in which they will mention the lessons they learn, the attention they receive, and the progress they make.
The governor of Mauritius then fixes the schedule of Rahovy and Ratafika from their awakening until they return to their beds.
They must get up early and after getting dressed, they will recite with their guardian the morning prayer. Then they will work for an hour before breakfast. They will be granted an hour of rest before they resume their studies. They will then be entitled to two hours of recreation at midday. After dinner they will have a nice walk
In the evening they will recite the lessons learned in the morning. After they have washed and changed their clothes, they will have to recite the evening prayer before going to bed.
They should also avoid having any relationship with the servants, especially those who speak the Malagasy language. Indeed, they must urgently acquire an English vocabulary with, in the margins, their translation into Malagasy. James Hastie will also have to do as much as
May be, avoid any familiarity with the house staff.
“And once a week you will bring the two young men to Her Excellency herself. “The tutor will occasionally receive new instructions if necessary to complete, readjust courses or arrange a new schedule.
Sir Robert Farquhar also fixes their menu of the week. Thus concerning their diet, it foresees quantities of food well balanced. That is, a pound of beef, mutton, or pork, two pounds of bread, a bottle of milk, tea, sugar, and coffee a week. Note the absence of rice in the diet planned for young princes.
Finally, the Protestant missionary Le Brun also received instructions to go to the Reduced two days a week. Its role is to give the young Malagasy princes the principles and the exercise of “our holy religion”.