The lessons given by President Philibert Tsiranana in his keynote address on October 10, 1967, reflects some of the behavior of the officials of the time and which are found today. Thus of the sense of the public service which it defines as “the sense of responsibilities while assuming them in their entirety. It is also to work for the State without measuring its time: holidays, holidays, rest are not for the chiefs “.
The President of the (Republic) defines the chiefs as ministers, provincial heads, prefects, directors-general, directors … He distinguishes between them the parliamentarians who are the representatives of the people.
He explained to the chiefs their mission. First, know everything about the service, see everything, control everything. Then, to interrogate, to know and to check, to command and demand the perfect execution, to know how to sanction faults without malice but without too much weakness, to reward efforts and initiatives and to recognize a failure, to analyze and to remedy it.
“It is still to bear responsibility for all the errors committed in his service, and not to reject them on subordinates who are there only to execute, or on advisers who are there only to advise. “
Philibert Tsiranana then highlights a “weakness” of the leaders. They can not command their direct subordinates of the same corps, sanctioning the small civil servants and not the latter. “We have never seen a provincial chief blaming a prefect
Or a sub-prefect because they are all directors. This applies to engineers and doctors. If this were to continue, you would urge the government to place at the head of your service an official of another corps. “
It is all the more unacceptable for him that under colonization, the chiefs acted differently: Malagasy governors and deputy governors – or bearing these snoring titles of the time – inspected the official secretaries who were heads of Canton and punished them. Since independence, he stresses, only state inspectors discover financial irregularities and anomalies. “I was even told that there are chiefs who do not dare mutate and ask the minister to do so, but not to mention that it is at their request! “
And to issue a warning: “You are an official of an independent country, you must act in chief or abandon your post: you will find a job in an office! The threat then follows: “Or we will put engineers to command the administrators, and administrators to command the engineers! Philibert Tsiranana then commits the leaders to free themselves from this “complex of bodies” and to act as in the Army where “the captain sanctions the lieutenant”.
However, chiefs are not the only ones who have to show the meaning of the public service. Even the performers must have it by performing what they have to do, pointing out the impossibilities or shortcomings of means, failures and their causes, successes and their reasons. “But to mislead the superior by lie or omission is to betray him and betray the State. “
According to him, it is a problem whose solution lies in the change of behavior. “So every one of us will be able to say to himself, every night after work, that I have done all that I could for my country. “
In discussing the subject of the leaders, Philibert Tsiranana refutes the assertion of the opposition that the government “does not want to employ students who return” to Madagascar after studying abroad. He argues that most of the higher functions of the State are held only by young people who have completed their studies abroad.
“But there are exceptions to this rule. They are the ambitious, selfish and proud young people who want to be directors-general on their arrival, by dismantling the one who is in place as if he were unwilling. And they proclaim everywhere that they do not want them; But they are demanding places which can not be given to them. “
The Head of State ends this part of his speech by speaking of a law voted by Parliament. The Act “expedites the procedures for the prosecution of criminal offenses against public officials”. Indeed, there have been delays in the prosecution of agents “who dishonor the Administration”, imputed to the texts, legislative or regulatory.