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Fort Dauphin is the fulcrum of French colonization in Madagascar, says Urbain Faurec (read previous note). However, from the governorate of Pronis, the opposition of
His men show up against their young 23-year-old chief. For various reasons.
First, like many colonials, Pronis married a wife of the country, Andrian-Ravelo, daughter of the wren of the neighborhood. “A method of colonization which has its advantages, but the
Subordinates of Pronis refused to see in this woman of the country dressed in the French that he holds for his wife, something other than a concubine “(Father A. Engelvin). But taking Malagasy wife, he adopts all his kinship. Thus another source of discontent was born, for “while he only served his subordinates a meager pittance, he wastes the property of the Company to stuff his native kinship.”
The revolt broods among these men, ulcerated, his soldiers arrested him and put him in prison where he spent six months. He was released on July 26, 1646, thanks to Captain Le Bourg of the “St. Lawrence” who again imposed him as leader of the rebels, endorsing his sentence “with the authority of his ship’s cannons pointed at the city.”
Later, Pronis seizes two of the leaders and enchains them at the foot of the grand mast of the citadel. “One had to die crazy after six months of this torture and the other, obtain his grace only after a year” (chronicle reported by Engelvin). “Then they took 12 other men and mocked them, bearded and bearded, and made them appear before him in a shirt and a rope around their necks before condemning them to be deported to Mascarene Island. Bourbon or La Réunion). The village took delivery of the condemned, enclosed them at the foot of the mats of the “St. Lawrence” and transported them to this island where he abandoned them without clothes on the beach.
However, Pronis will soon commit another more serious offense, but he would not carry the heavy responsibility alone. The village returns one day accompanied by a ship on board of which a certain Van der Mester is to look for slaves whom it has promised to him. Le Bourg does not yet know where to take them. He opens himself to Pronis, who, having become his obligator, “gave him 70 natives” (Urbain Faurec). It was first of all his own servants, then, more seriously, of the inhabitants of the neighborhood that he attracted to the fort “under the false promise of a free distribution of provisions” and that he embarked by force on board the ship “after Having them tied two by two “…
On the 15th of December, 1648, an envoy of the Company arrived at Fort Dauphin on a voyage of inspection. It is Étienne de Flacourt, one of the high-ranking figures and shareholders of the Company. As a result of Le Bourg’s reports, which worry his peers,
Mission to inquire into the cause of the disorders, to send back to France the Pronis, and to give him an account of his administration and of the handling of the effects of the Company “(Urbain Faurec).
Flacourt first spared his predecessor and even entrusted him with a mission to the island of Sainte-Marie. But as he was of a versatile character, he soon maltreated him, even maltreated him, and in February 1650 Pronis embarked for France. He returned five years later to relieve Flacourt who governed the Colony from 1648 to 1655.
Like Pronis, it also has to face its citizens and the local populations. he
Record successes and also disappointments such that he tries to leave Fort Dauphin “clandestinely”. “But his boat could not face the big sea and he came back home, quite sheepish” (A. Engelvin). He then passed the succession to Pronis, who had returned from France, and embarked on March 15, 1655 “to plead his cause and that of the Colony which vegetated.”
On May 20, 1660, Flacourt returned to take the direction of the Colony, bringing with him
200 people. But his ship was attacked by three barbarian pirate ships, the fire caught in the powder, the ship engulfed with almost all its passengers. Seventeen survivors are taken to Algiers as slaves. “Flacourt had disappeared. “