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Madagascar News Forums The Transformation of Antananarivo Reply To: The Transformation of Antananarivo


In giving to one of the palaces that she had the name of Tsarahafatra built, Ranavalona I wanted to prove by ascending the throne that her father-in-law Andrianampoinimerina had appointed her to reign at the death of her husband and that ” His recommendation or prediction is right, has come true. ” Tsarahafatra serves as the residence of three queens, Ranavalona I, Rasoherina and Ranavalona II. It is this palace that was bombed during the French expedition in September 1895. Since then, only stones of stone columns remain on the site.
Rabodonandrianampoinimerina also erected Tsarahavana or Manjakahavana where she installed one of her sisters, Rafaramanjaka; And Manjakatsiorivahoaka “since the kingdom is united and I reign over a happy people”. She places her nephew Ramboasalama in the throne before the birth of Crown Prince Rakoto-Radama. The queen also shaves Tsarazoky and moves the courthouse to Ambatondrafandrana, rehabilitates the Fitomiandalana thus enlarging the Rova.
Rasoherina, the wife and successor of Radama II, built Manampisoa, explaining herself the name “added to or added to what is beautiful”. It is a wooden palace which, under colonization, serves as a museum where the remains of the past are preserved. One maintains a Tsarahafatra divan where one can see the trace of a shell.
Besides the stone formwork of Manjakamiadana, Ranavalona II for its part built the Tranovato, the Palace Church on the site of Fohiloha, Manandraimanjaka and Tranomanary transposed to Ambohimanga. One owes this charming monument to the architect Pool, the queen having made Protestantism a state religion. The first stone of the building was laid on July 20, 1869, but the inauguration was celebrated only eleven years later, on April 8, 1880. In the meantime Ranavalona II, the Prime Minister and the Court attended the offices of Manampisoa, Still called Mahatsara.
To the west of the north portal, two pagodas of wood painted in pink and green and raised on a large base of masonry, dominate the courtyard. It is the royal necropolis. A fanciful, half-Chinese half-hindu, protects the entrance to the vault where the bodies of Andrianampoinimerina, Radama I and Radama II are hidden. The second style, reminiscent of the primitive huts, houses the tombs of the three Ranavalona and Rasoherina. The body of Ranavalona III joined those of others in 1938 because, exiled in 1896, she died in Algiers in 1917. The translation of the bodies of the sovereigns buried in Ambohimanga (Ilafy for Radama II) and their reunion in this necropolis are decided and carried out by Gallieni, March 15, 1897.
It was during colonization that the various palaces, the vast rooms and the small apartments of the queens housed the collections of the Museum of Antananarivo. Thus, in a room of the Grand Palais, a fairly complete representation of the fauna and the flora of Madagascar constitutes the Museum of natural history. In the large hall on the first floor there are palanquins, beds, weapons and all the movable objects, souvenirs of the ancient royalty that were gathered together.
In the small Manampisoa Palace are installed the historical collections.
“Bright ceremonial costumes of gold and color; True jewelery or trinkets; Silverware and trinkets; All valuable and non-valuable items that keep the mark of a past
Charming, touching, and sometimes of friendship with Napoleon III, are in close contact with the tiny clothes of the little princes hova whose cut, colors and ornaments reveal the English origin. “
A Museum of Fine Arts, created in 1977, contains “a large collection of canvases whose various tendencies, ranging from the most academic style to the vigorous representations of modern art, allow the colonial visitor a profitable comparative examination.”
A room devoted to palaeontology contains, among other beautiful pieces, two skeletons of √¶pyornis, “a giant ancestor of the ostrich, and whose disappearance in Madagascar, it is said, only goes back a few centuries.” Similarly, most of the fossilized skeleton of a dinosaur that is 30 meters long is a valuable document of the prehistoric fauna of the island.
Finally, there is an ethnography room that brings together the objects and the documentation most likely to show the evolution of this country.