Select Page

Madagascar News Forums The Transformation of Antananarivo Reply To: The Transformation of Antananarivo


From his birth, Ratsietry, son of Andriamandresy, is surrounded by the care that his father recommends before his departure and therefore his death. This contributes greatly to its health and growth. And despite his youth, he is given two wives. The first, Isanatry presented by his family, offers him a second woman Tokonolo, because she feels alone far from his clan. Isanatry gives birth to Tsamo Ramanombily who will be the ancestor of the Zarabehavana, and Tokonolo gives birth to Fizema.
In turn, he takes two wives, the “vadibe” being Tomboeva who begets the Zaramanampy, Zarafanilihana and Zaratonda as well as a single daughter, Rasoefa. The “vadimasay”, Iantimila, gives birth to the Zaranitana and a single daughter, Soafeno. The Zarabehavana, the Zaramanampy, the Zarafanilihana and the Zaranitana constitute the four great clans that make up the antesaka people, according to Theodore Raharijaona (“Les Antaisaka, origins to the present day”, 1967).
Later, as the descendants of Ratsietry multiplied, they separated in search of larger and more favorable places. Thus Tsamo Ramanombily and his family follow the Mananara downstream, while Fizema and his clan disperse on the shores of Mananivo, Manambato and Sanalaotra. The exodus of Tsamo Ramanombily leads him to Nosiambo, a village already inhabited by the Tenosiambo. But his eldest son Indramarolona prefers to settle in front of the Iombo, tributary of the Mananara, near Vilanivaky. He has nine children.
The peaceful sojourn of Indramarolona one day underwent the abrupt and murderous invasion of the Sahafatra and the Andrahofika. That day on the side of the besieged, very heavy human and material losses are recorded and among the dead, the daughter of Indramarolona, ​​Iseny. The survivors fled to Baipoaka leaving their enemies free to plunder and burn their “smiling and flourishing agglomeration.”
When they have withdrawn, they return to their city to bury their dead, even if the places have become uninhabitable.
“Since then, the Zarabehavana have used this place as a tomb, after having given it the name of Faseny (tomb of Iseny) preserved until our days. Nowhere else in all Vangaindrano, no sepulchral building is better built than the one that is built there today. “
Then from Baipoaka, they head east to Karimbolo, not far from the present Vangaindrano. The village is already occupied by the subjects of Ratsifofo and Ratsitohana, whose capital is Vatomasy.
At that time, the region is covered with a huge dense forest. “The aborigines were not allowed to know that foreigners had come to infiltrate their territory. For their part, they were completely ignorant that the country had its own occupants. “
One day, the hunters of wild boars on both sides find themselves face to face with Mariany. After a moment of stupor and mistrust, they wonder about their respective origins. From their long conversation there is a mutual confidence. The immigrants lead the former occupants to the king Indramarolona who offers them a great feast.
The young men of the two clans often see each other. At the end, those of the country submit to the newcomers the project of Ratsifofo and Ratsitohana. The two kings would have committed acts that crumble, but their subjects dare not rise up against them. The immigrants rallied to the insurgents, “already reveling in the prospect of a fruitful battle”. Indramarolona, ​​however, refuses to use force to succeed and resorts to the trick which proves to be very effective afterwards.
He approaches Ratsifofo and Ratsitohana with great consideration, to the point of offering a large number of oxen. This puts the mistrust of the two kings and allows his men to invest Vatomasy and infiltrate into the huts. Faced with this accomplished fact, Ratsifofo and Ratsitohana have to flee to Itampena to gather their subjects and to chase the intruders. But they are soon defeated and flee to the village they create in the forest. The invisible site is perceived only by the smoke that leaves and Indramarolona and its people will call it “Tsihitatrano”.