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Madagascar News Forums The Transformation of Antananarivo Reply To: The Transformation of Antananarivo

#565
Madagascar
Keymaster

The Antesaka regroup “all of these immense tribes designated under this generic name,” says Theodore Raharijaona (“The Antaisaka, from the origins to the present day”, 1967). But the real ones are the ethnic groups of sakalava strain, because “the word antesaka derives from sakalava”. Thus, for the ethnologist, these are those who are in four major clans. Namely Zarabehavana whose capital is Vangaindrano, the Zarafanilihana whose center is Ankarana, the Zaramanampy that group around Iabohazo and Etrotroka, and the Zaranitana that evolve in the Sanalaotra basin. Among these classes of princely origin whose common ancestor is a young sakalava called Repila, there exists a branch which exercises its royal rights over almost the whole extent of Vangaindrano. These are the Zarabehavana.
The young prince Repila lives in the village of Tsiarepioky. “It was rather a transhumance on the vast opulent plain that borders the Sakalava River in the Mahabo region of Menabe. Next to it, is the village of Manevy and opposite, that of Mahatsinjo. After having reached the age of youth, Repila changed its name and became known as Ihazorango.
But convinced of his next elevation to the throne, he adopted another name, that of Andriamandresy, under which he was to be appointed during and after his reign. “He was, however, too rigid and haughty, and the suffrage of the people demolished all the shining scaffolding of his hopes, the crown having been devolved to his younger brother, Andriandahifotsy.”
Disappointed and furious, Andriamandresy goes to live with his uncle to stifle his rancor and get lost in oblivion. But its naturalness gives free rein to its violent character. He forcibly occupies his uncle’s rice field, and instead of obeying the injunction ordering him to leave, he mortally wounds him with a rifle. As a result of this gratuitous crime, his mother rejects him from the family.
He therefore decides to leave the country of his ancestors to found a new country elsewhere. However, he wants to be accompanied by a sufficient escort and recruits, before his departure, the rather numerous men among which figure in the first rank, warriors seasoned called “Fanafolahy”. Theodore Raharijaona cites the main characters who accompany him. There are clan representatives: Tovola from Teamboza, Rafimaka from Vangovato, Indranony and other men from the Tambahikarabo and Lanandraraky groups. Four trusted warriors take control of the fighters, Ramarolahy, Baraby, Metsoanony and Isetra. Two slaves, Kotomity and Toalany, as well as a couple, Faravy and Ihehy, complete the list. The author tells an anecdote.
“Andriamandresy was very bald and uncommonly rare, and with no feminine presence, but with a strong presence and unusual vigor, all enhanced by her martial appearance. But for Ihehy’s misfortune, he abruptly and in spite of himself takes off his hat while his brain works the arduous problem of his departure. Ihehy bursts out laughing at the baldness of the chief, which means that he is seized and thrown among the slaves.
“Since then, the woman was called Imatikehy, the victim of her laughter. “
Finally, everything is ready for the journey. The impressive procession was shaken, guided with severe discipline by the great Andriamandresy, himself a famous and feared warrior. They
Head south-east, without any precise purpose and without having previously fixed the stages where it is necessary to stop during the exodus.

One day, late in the evening, they arrive in sight of the village of Samborano, whose inhabitants
Are busy replacing their late king, Ndramifify. Before entering the locality, Andriamandresy dispatched Tovola as a scout who, during his mission, had the opportunity to exchange remarks with Ndrahoditra, the eldest son of the disappeared. The case of the latter is, in all respects, identical with that of Andriamandresy, with the only difference that he has not soaked his hands in the blood. Indeed, in the succession to the throne of his father, it is supplanted by the cadet whereas it is already certain to accede to it of right. His spite and
Anger also push him to leave his country and he is determined to accompany Andriamandresy.
The latter does not consider it useful to prolong his stay in Samborano and continues his march, still towards the Southeast. One night, travelers reach the village of Nosibe where Ndramilovoky reigns over the Tehamory. They consider it useful to leave the night after a short halt, the reception of the inhabitants is not engaging. The next morning, they cross a wild boar hunter in the vast banana plantation of Ramarovahiny, king of the Andramaro in Vohibola. The hunter hastened to inform the king, who invited the visitors to his village. He is impressed by Andriamandresy who does not hide from him that he is a dethroned king looking for a place to settle. Ramarovahiny welcomes him with open arms.