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Madagascar News Forums The Transformation of Antananarivo Reply To: The Transformation of Antananarivo


In almost three quarters of a century, nothing changes in the capital. Or rather, all empire because of the multiplication of the population. In 1951, Antananarivo became a mushroom town whose growth is so rapid in recent years, that all forecasts are outdated.
General Gallieni himself, at the beginning of the twentieth century, despite the magnitude of his predictions, is in default. Indeed, “had he been able to foresee the extension of Antananarivo in 1951, he would not have strangled it in 1908 in that monstrous collar of the Tananarive-East Coast railway. This line and its terminal station (Soarano) are among the greatest obstacles to the development of the city, the latter cutting off the most beautiful of our avenues “, comments an anonymous urbanist in the Bulletin of Madagascar.
At the time, this outbreak, which is far from over, since Antananarivo still has only 200,000 inhabitants, while most of the capitals are home to one-tenth of the country’s population, or Antananarivo at least 450,000 Be organized according to a general plan, indicate the urban planners. That plan does exist.
In order not to go into details, the chronicler deduces the general ideas. The direction of architecture and urbanism immediately dismisses the growth in height type Manhattan. “It is not on the already overpopulated hills and without free spaces of old Tana, that must be done by a vertical thrust, the growth of the city, but on the contrary, by an expansion in surface in the neighboring valleys or by A projection of satellite cities on the neighboring hillsides. There is no shortage of space and no means of communication. Moreover, many neighboring settlements, whose inhabitants are already working in Antananarivo, are “as many milestones advanced for the future city”.
Urban planners feel that the difficulties should not be taken into consideration
Settlements on the marshlands and the rice fields. For them, not only many cities of South-East Asia are traced in swamps, but in Antananarivo itself, many fields already conquer the rice fields. However, surface expansion is to be oriented. Previously, the buildings grow in an anarchic way because there is no plan to oppose the owners.
The plan foresees residential areas, free spaces, delimits an industrial zone because, even in the present suburbs, one can not tolerate anywhere the installation of factories or industrial establishments: what is suburban today , Will be urban tomorrow.
Urban planners, however, highlight some general principles: not to yield to the easy temptation of large apartment buildings; Do not skimp on open spaces; To see large in the layout of public roads; The remediation works (water supply, sewerage, etc.) of the areas provided for in the extension plan must be carried out in advance.
Since 1950, there is much to be said about the sewage system of Antananarivo. It is composed of a unique drainage network, consisting of gutters, open canals, nozzles, semi-visitable or visitable sewers. Its layout is not the subject of an overall plan and it is arranged and connected empirically. In addition, it is far from adequately servicing the entire agglomeration. For all buildings to be constructed, there is no other system than the septic tank, but most existing houses only have more or less tight fixed pits, or even lost pits or tinettes. “After draining, the waste shall be discharged entirely into the Ikopa downstream of the town …”

So everything has to be done in this area. It would cost one billion to provide sewage treatment with consecutive biological treatment at three purification plants located at the southern and northwest peaks on the Ikopa and at the northeastern tip on the Canal de la Manjakaray. “The application of such a system to the existing city would not, of course, go without difficulty, but it is in any case essential that it be incorporated into the Urban Plan of future urban districts or cities. “
Regarding drinking water, the capital is still far from the 250 liters / day / inhabitant,
The norm of modern cities. From 12,000m3 per day in 1951, the flow should be increased gradually to 40,000 m3 and in some years to 80,000 m3. And 161 hydrants are in operation. This program of supply then provides 15 million francs.
Finally, the municipal fire brigade was created in 1948 (previously the capital city had no real fire protection). In 1951 there were 75 men commanded by three competent officers, including two Europeans who had been trained in Paris. They have not yet their barracks, their equipment is out of date, and all this complicates their service. But it is envisaged to build a barracks on the site of the municipal workshops and garages that will be transferred out of the city and enlarged.