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Ravahiny’s great-grandson, Andriantsoli reigned over the Boeny in the first quarter of the 19th century. In May 1824, Radama I, with the intention of unifying the island, sent Sergeant Hastie to negotiate peacefully with him.
On the refusal of the latter, the Merina king decides to lead the Boeny expedition. After a very hot battle, the Sakalava are beaten. The chief of Mahajanga, Houssein, who opposes a strong resistance, is decapitated, but Andriantsoli remains elusive. He would have remained untraceable, not even the betrayal of one of his own, Abdallah Radoro.
Immediately captured, Andriantsoli was brought before Radama. He leaves his life saved and the
Re-establishes even in its power. However, he places him in residence in Marovoay, Ramanetaka becoming governor of Mahajanga. But Radama was no sooner arrived in his capital than the Sakalava rebelled again (early 1825). They crush under the number the governor and his small garrison who leave Mahajanga after setting fire to Mahabibo.
Andriantsoli immediately raises a troop, but Radama opposes 2,000 men sent from Antananarivo. At the sight of this reinforcement, Andriantsoli fled to Anorotsangana (July 1825) whence, warned of a Hova siege, he took off to the Comoros. He leaves his kingdom in the hands of his sister, Oantsitsy.
Three years later, Andriantsoli returns to the Boeny, but it is to leave immediately to Mombasa and Zanzibar. He is again back in 1830, but fearing on the one hand, being
Chased by Ranavalona I and feeling, on the other hand, undesirable for his own subjects who apprehend a new war, decided to leave definitively the Great island to settle, in 1832, to Mayotte of which later becomes the sultan . On April 25, 1847, he yielded this island to France.
Meanwhile, Princess Oantsitsy reigned over the Boeny until his death on 13 March 1836. He
Succeeded Tsiomeko, the only heiress of the reigning branch and great-niece of Andriantsoli, proclaimed queen on 5 April 1836 at the age of 8 years.
Shortly after, on his refusal to deliver some refugees to the Merina, a body of 2,000 men invade his country and he must leave his residential village of Ambataokony. In June 1837, the Merina returned unexpectedly and Tsiomeko was saved by just taking refuge in Anorotsangana. It has yet to leave, and after other stops on the coast, particularly at Kikamba and Ambararata, the wandering queen takes refuge with an important party from Sakalava to Nosy Komba.
In front of the Merina invasion, Tsiomeko sought help and protection from the Sultan of Zanzibar, Seyid Said, but only having received a temporary and verbal satisfaction, turned to the French of Bourbon Island, governed by Admiral de Hell.
On July 14, 1840, Tsiomeko and his chiefs of clans signed an act of surrender to the king of the French, Louis-Philippe, Nosy Be and Nosy Komba Islands. “They surrender to France all their rights of sovereignty on the west coast of Madagascar, from the bay of Paasandava to Cape St. Vincent. From this date, the queen’s official residence was transferred to Ampasindava, Nosy Be, where Hellville, the capital of the island, was to rise.
On the arrival of Gouhot as the first particular commander of “Nosy Be and dependencies”, on February 7, 1841, Tsiomeko again transported his residence on the edge of a small bay between Mahatsinjo Point and Ampasimena Cove. Gouhot lacks political skill by seeming to treat her lightly, as a subordinate. On the other hand, Passot, who replaces him, knows how to gain the confidence of the young queen. Unfortunately, she died in childbirth by the end of June 1843.
At the same time, Tsimiharo, king of the Antankarana, who allies himself with Queen Tsiomeko to obtain from the Sultan Seyid Saïd an effective protection against their common enemy, the Merina, is forced to take refuge in 1840 on Nosy Mitsio. There, he took advantage of the passage of Captain Passot to yield, on the example of Tsiomeko, his rights over Antankarana to France.