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#603
Madagascar
Keymaster

The second meeting between the two conflicting parties in the first Franco-Merina war (1883-1885) ends in a fish tail (see previous note). Each one, especially France, maintains its position.
The head of the Malagasy delegation, Rainandriamampandry, concluded his counter-proposal by suggesting holding a third meeting on 26 November. But one of the negotiators
French, Baudais, replied only on February 3, 1884, urging him to an urgent meeting with Admiral Galiber for an “important affair”. Rendez-vous is therefore taken for the 21st of February.
Galiber and Baudais point out that the Malagasy authorities should not seek advice from other countries and that war is still going on in the north and south of the island.
Rainandriamampandry replied “that the Malagasy authorities refuse any bad advice”. Then, he added that the conflict should be resolved by the immediate payment by Madagascar of an indemnity, proposal that the French reject. Baudais recalled that King Tsimiharo had offered to France all the north of the island, more exactly north of the 16th parallel. But the head of the Malagasy delegation replied that this zone had been integrated into the Malagasy territory since 1824 and that thus “King Tsimiharo had offered you what did not belong to him”. However, Baudais insists that France can not abandon the “protectorate” demanded by the Sakalava in 1841. But to the question of Rainandriamampandry to know which zone it is, he does not answer, content to read to all the negotiators An agreement supposedly signed by the French, on the one hand, King Tsimiharo and Princess Tsiomeko, on the other. The head of the Malagasy delegation reiterated that “this zone no longer belonged to Tsimiharo and if he had given you Madagascar, would you have accepted it?” And he adds: “In the treaty of 1868, France had not Claimed that part of the Malagasy territory, and the Malagasy peoples who live there, now recognize themselves as the subjects of the queen and pay the taxes and customs duties. “
Admiral Galiber, for his part, is very direct: “Ask all the other nations and they will tell you that the north of the island belongs to the French. So what are the limits you set us from Majunga? “Thus, all this staging would have translated only the French need to own land in Madagascar and to do so, they want it to be the queen and her government Which set the limits.
Like the previous ones, the third meeting did not succeed.
A few days later, the Malagasy emissaries proposed, in order to conclude the negotiations amicably, that the queen’s government granted Nosy Mitsio and Nosy Faly, on the side of Nosy Be, to France. Refusal of the French who press for the Malagasy leaders to give them all the north of the 16th parallel. Again, it is a dialogue of the deaf. End of the fourth meeting.
The next negotiations, which should have taken place the following day, were postponed to
3 April. The positions remain the same to the great disappointment of the French. It is the same during the seventh meeting, because the Malagasy refuse to participate as long as the French want to occupy a part of the island.
In early May, Galiber left Madagascar, replaced by Admiral Miot.
Discussions resumed at an eighth meeting on May 13, 1884. The tone hardened as Admiral Miot came to concretize the three points. The French requirements are very strict. Madagascar will have to pay to France 600 000 farantsa (ariary) of fines. The
The Queen’s Government would have to delete article 85 of the Code from the 305 articles on
Renting and selling land to foreigners and compensating foreigners, victims of war.
The head of the Malagasy delegation tried to explain the position of his government, but “Miot and Baudais immediately rose and left the meeting with a simple farewell without shaking hands with the Malagasy,” said one participant.
The ninth and final meeting was held on 29 May, during which the “French negotiators suggested that they would achieve their ends, using force if necessary”. And while the two parties sharpen their weapons, the President of the French Council, Jules Ferry designates some residents to undertake a mediation.