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When the Malagasy embassy, ​​sent to Europe and North America, finishing her journey, returned to Paris in mid-July 1883, she met Jules Ferry, who had just replaced Duclerc as President of the Council. Jules Ferry refused to continue the negotiations, arguing that the power to carry them out now falls to the French emissaries sent to Madagascar. They are Baudais and Admiral Galiber.
The settlement of the Franco-Merina conflict which has just broken out, imposed by France in June of the same year, deals with three points. The first is that the royal government should no longer encroach on “the northwestern national territory under French protectorate”. The second concerns the guarantee that the Malagasy give French nationals the right to own land on the national territory. And the third requires the royal government to pay an allowance of 200,000 farantsa (ariary).
When the embassy sent on a mission abroad arrived in Antananarivo in November 1883, both sides decided to resume negotiations in Toamasina. The Malagasy government is represented by the 15 hrs (honors) Rainandriamampandry, governor of Toamasina, the 13 hrs Andriantasy, Rainizanamanga and Ramarosaona. The French side
Includes Admiral Galiber and Baudais. Negotiations began in November 1883 to
To finish in May 1884. The first meeting serves mainly to make acquaintance and to present the official letters which accredit the emissaries of each party.
During the second session, Admiral Galiber immediately asked the Malagasy representatives whether they wished to have two prisoners of war given to them, but Rainandriamampandry declined the offer, preferring that the discussions should be discussed immediately. The two French representatives imposed, as the basis of discussions, the three requirements of their government issued in June. And while the Malagasy part is procrastinating, Galiber launches an ultimatum: more discussion possible outside their three points. For the French, all that remains is to draft the peace treaty.
The head of the Malagasy delegation insists however on a decision of the royal government that is to discuss an agreement other than the ultimatum. The French reject this proposal.
So we take the three points. Concerning the French protectorate north of the 16th parallel of the Malagasy territory, which goes from Mahajanga to Antomboka, the Malagasies retort:
“Radama I had focused all the efforts of his army and his people on the northwest coast of Madagascar, installed a governor and soldiers there, and had established a system of customs duties, all since 1824. His successor, Ranavalomanjaka I, had respected this decision and expelled strangers who entered it clandestinely. And the sovereigns who have since succeeded, had inherited it since the governors and troops in the region of Mahajanga are settled by the merina kingdom. “
The French representatives replied in their turn “that it is no longer useful to
Past, that only the three points of the ultimatum count “. Baudais does not fail to recall “the charter signed by Radama II in 1862”, which stipulates that “the King of Madagascar accepts that France take back the territory that he possessed in the island.” To which Rainandriamampandry retorts: “This property has already been abolished since Queen Rasoherina, her successor, paid the indemnity of 240,000 farantsa. “
Speaking in turn, Baudais asked what counterproposition
Malagasy. The Malagasy responded that it was necessary to find another way out of the crisis. Each part thus remains in its position.
However, on 26 November, Rainandriamampandry sent a message to Galiber and Baudais, explaining the changes the government intends to make to the French ultimatum: the lease of land to a foreigner will be at the discretion of the landlord and the tenant , But the sale between the two remains formally prohibited; the government
Malagasy agrees to pay any indemnity demanded by France to put an end to the controversy; As for the protectorate that France wants to establish in the north-west of the island, the Malagasy emissaries emphasize that Madagascar is “an independent, sovereign, indivisible country”. However, they propose the payment of another indemnity in order not to further deteriorate the situation.