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“The time seems ripe for withdrawing from the intelligence officers an urban police service that is not in their normal duties and that duplicates the civilian police service. At the same time, I would be grateful if you would allow them to be held at the disposal of the administrative and judicial authorities. It was in a letter sent to General Voyron that the resident general, Hippolyte Laroche, communicated this proposal. General Voyron agrees and concludes: “The persons arrested lately are now at the disposal of the administrative and judicial authority. “
But the military intelligence service does not take that into account. Resident Pradon, who was in charge of investigating the insurrection, sought on 9 July to question the deputy governor of Ampanotokana, arrested and detained by order of the service. He is told that Lieutenant Peltier “reserves this prisoner for himself.”
In his fortnight report, Hippolyte Laroche emphasizes that there is “a confusion of powers with an infantry officer assuming the functions of prefect of police, independent of the general residence and hindering the action of his delegates” . Challenging the merits of military investigations, he wondered whether the Menalamba insurrection really had a single direction. It even tends to see in it a variant of the “fahavalist” movements (enemies of France), “heterogeneous, periodic in Madagascar”, and which in 1896 develops more than usual. This is explained, he believes, by “the momentary weakening of the forces of resistance, the inevitable consequence in the provinces of rigorous disarmament and the substitution of an entirely new staff for the old staff of the governors and Manamboninahitra (general officers) “.
In support of his theory, the resident general maintained that nothing seemed to reveal a single direction. According to him, if the insurgents have certain intelligences in the capital, it is more than probable; But nothing indicates that these sympathies are active. “We must above all reject the idea of ​​complicity run free by the Malagasy government. “
He argued that no betrayal had occurred on the side of the officials appointed by this government since his arrival. Some have stood up to the insurgents and have been able to defeat them. That others, less skilled or new to understand and use the resources of the posts entrusted to them, nevertheless sought to do their duty and “proved it by dying”. Among the latter, he cites 12 hrs Rafaralahibedaoro and seven officers burned in Manjakandriana on 30 April; 12 hrs. Rabanona, governor of Antsirabe died April 29 after receiving three wounds; On 13 June Rakotovoalavo, Governor-General of Vonizongo, killed with guns and sagaies with his five officers on 11 June; The 11th Ratsimanohitra, governor of Ambatomanga, is not dead, but he is transported to the hospital of Soavinandriana with injuries including two serious on 28 June …
Hippolyte Laroche, indicating the ranks of these officers, took the opportunity to point out that in the ranks of the insurrection there is not a single character of mark. “The insurgents begin to claim honors, but it is unquestionably established that those who qualify 13 or 12 hrs actually have only 8 or 9, and most often not at all. “
In the end, the Attorney General entrusted his deputy Dauran-Forgues, who
President of the tribunal of Antananarivo, the investigation of the conspiracy case denounced by the military intelligence service. The Resident-General hoped that the investigation would lead to the dismissal of most of the persons accused, for lack of any evidence against them or a mere presumption. “From the first day the magistrate ordered the release of the secretary of Rasanjy, whose arrest was inexplicable”
This, however, should not prevent the justice from trying to discover either another conspiracy if there is one, or “some maneuvers or some acts involving connivance with the rebels”. It is in this sense that Hippolyte Laroche arrests some people, the best known of which is the leader of the Tsimahafotsy, Ravelonanosy. “He came to see me, and sought by his relations with me, either to cover himself against suspicion, or to give more importance to the people. His attitude, his demonstrations of devotion, his language seemed to me more affected than sincere and determined me to watch him discreetly.