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Madagascar News Forums Exposed The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar Reply To: The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar


“It does not take decades without an ethnographic expedition or a single researcher, does not leave to discover the residual populations of Madagascar”, writes JC Hébert in 1973. And to add: “On the faith of some ancient works Or vague information about isolated groups living on the fringe of well-known ethnic groups that are improperly called tribes, the myth is born. “
Sometimes, he adds, it is among the Vazimba that one ventures, or among the Beosy even fewer and more enigmatic and whom Schimang, a German ethnographer, can study in 1964. Sometimes it is In the impenetrable forest of the East that Dr. Gernböck,
An Austrian ethnologist, studied the same populations a year earlier. “She thought she was recovering dwarf populations in the upper Sakaleona valley in 1961.” Sometimes it was in the xerophytic bush of the south-east that Molet directed his research during several missions (1952, 1965). “But it’s especially about the Kimosy that we think we can talk about Pygmies, without ever having really met them. “
In any case, various authors address this issue as early as the seventeenth century.
According to Étienne de Flacourt (1658), the myth was born of the Kimosy much more than Pygmies – fables of the players of cithars on calabash (herravou). At the time, when Herbert writes on the subject, the terroir Kimosy indicated by Flacourt, is inhabited by descendants of this people mixed with Bara. Its limits do not change: it encompasses the Menarahaka valley and the Ivohibory chain, located between Ihosy and Ivohibe.
In his History of the Great Isle (1656), Flacourt specifies that this territory is not very large.
“The country of the Anachimoussi is a country through which passes the river of Iongh-aivo (Ionaivo), bordered on the east by this river, on the south by the country of Manamboule (Manambolo) and to the West, by Great mountains. It is a country rich in cattle, rice, yams and other provisions, and a great people: the Great is called Ratsilia; To the north, there is the Manharac River (Menarahaka) and the Erindgranes (the Arindrano) through which the river originates. It is a very small province, containing only four small days. “
However, the valleys of Ionaivo and Itomampy do not
Twentieth century. Yet, a myth tells us that Kimosy venture to Tolagnaro where the Antanosy defeat them. What is astonishing, but the myth must nevertheless have a background of truth. Flacourt draws the map of this region of the Kimosy, from the information given by the buyers of cattle that take these valleys inland to the country of Vohitsangombe, rich in cattle.
One of them is Foucquembourg, who makes several journeys in seventeen months. They lead him to the countries Masikoro, Antandroy, Mahafaly, in the valleys of Manambolo, Ionaivo and among the Kimosy.
Another treatise, Francois Guitault, made an unfortunate expedition. Flacourt says:
“On the 15th of May (16th), I had notice that eight negroes who had been led with him by Francois Guitault
80 leagues from the Fort (Fort Dauphin) to treat the cattle, had all left with his cattle and that he had remained alone in the country of the Anachimoussi (Kimosy) … Guitault, against my defenses, had been far treaty. “
Another expedition led by Le Roy, accompanied by 18 French, was assassinated on the return of the high valley of the Ionaivo.
All these “coureurs de bois and plains” know the country Kimosy very well,
Purpose of their expeditions. According to Hébert, this explains why Flacourt has so authoritatively asserted that the narratives which claim to see Pygmies in the Zanachimoussi or Kimosy “were only fables of storytellers.” Because it has first-hand information.
More than three hundred years later, herds of oxen coming from the bara country bound for Fort-Dauphin, take the track that follows the RN7, by Betroka and Beraketa. This, despite a greater distance, constitutes a much easier route.
“There are no roads or trails to reach Fort Dauphin by the high valleys of the Ionaivo or the Itomampy, which are very rugged, wooded and suitable for ambushes. “