Madagascar News › Forums › Exposed › The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar › Reply To: The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar
Succeeding her husband, Radama I, Ranavalona I makes little change to the organization of “miaramila” (which have common needs) established by the deceased king (see previous note). In fact, it only changes their name and calls them “Foloalindahy” (the hundred thousand men). This denomination is still carried by the present Army.
Similarly, under his son, Radama II, a single reform is found. It puts into the hands of a single personality, the power of prime minister and the chief command of the Army which, before, are two separate powers. Until the end of the Hova government, three prime ministers must enjoy this privilege. They are Rainivoninahitriniony, son of Rainiharo, his younger brother Rainilaiarivony, and Ratsimbazafy under the protectorate.
Pursuing the history of the Army, the academician Régis Rajemisa-Raolison (“Dictionnaire
Geographical and historical background of Madagascar “) writes that, on the other hand, with Rasoherina, there are rather notable changes in the status of” miaramila “. It divides them first into three bodies.
The “Ankotralahy”, made up of the majority of the soldiers, go to war and serve as troops of occupation and colonization. During official ceremonies and other major events, they wear a red jacket and white trousers. This is what gave rise to this phrase, which became a proverb: “Salasala toa ankotralahy: arahabain-tsy andriana; Tsy arabaina, avela miakanjo jaky. Translation: who perplexed as an “ankotralahy”: they greet him, he is not a nobleman; He is not saluted, but he is clothed in purple.
Then come the “Dimanjatolahy”, the five hundred men, but in reality, they are one thousand five hundred. They are, as it were, the forces of order. They are taken among the “Ankotralahy” and ensure order and security in the cities. They also keep prisoners of war.
The third body is that of the “Maranitra” and the “Tsaingoka”. During official ceremonies or royal exits, they served as guards and escorts at the queen’s procession.
Rasoherina also fixes the duration of military service which until then has not been defined. Once elderly, the soldiers return to the civil state (borizano veterans). It also continues to educate the soldiers. An Englishman, Lorett, is in charge of it.
Under Ranavalona II, this instruction is even more advanced. Lorett is replaced by another officer, in the person of Wbling. In addition, a group of soldiers is entrusted to a French officer, Noyal, who has one of the sons of Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony, Radilofera, who has recently returned from France.
The former, instructed by Wbling, are called “Tsatsimenitra,” and the latter, instructed by Noyal and Radilofera, are called “Sarizenitra.”
It is also under Ranavalona II that the Ministry of the Army is “definitely and solidly” strengthened with its services.
Finally, under Ranavalona III, are created the “Kadetra” (Cadets) composed of young people of Antananarivo, instructed separately by three officers. They are two Englishmen, Colonel Shevington and Major Graves, and a Frenchman, Captain Lavoisot.
When colonization began, the resident general, Hippolyte Laroche, established the militias to ensure order in an urban environment, the French army being occupied in subduing the Menalamba.
Under colonization, especially during the two world wars in which they are distinguished, that of Indochina and that of Algeria, Malagasy fighters are engaged to defend the
Motherland or Metropolitan France, as they call France. This is the famous 12th Battalion.
They are integrated into the French Army and these veterans, like their counterparts on the continent, receive a retirement pension until today. It is the same with their widows.
It was not until June 26, 1960, that the Malagasy Army was born, and it was Colonel Gabriel Ramanantsoa who assumed the functions of Chief of the General Staff of the Army,
And Air of the Malagasy Republic. Promoted general of brigade in 1961, it is entrusted in 1962, the whole Madagascan Army.