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Madagascar News Forums Exposed The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar Reply To: The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar


In Madagascar, after using the words “protection” in 1885, “protectorate and all its consequences” in 1895, the French government said nothing in 1896. “By the subterfuge of the protectorate, one wanted a colony that did not say its name ; In saying nothing, they thought they could still refine on those subtleties which, not embracing the real, allowed all audacities and hopes “(Roger Pascal, Bulletin de Madagascar, October 1966).
In fact, this voluntary confusion “prepared for the civil regime, which was to govern Madagascar at first, and against the Malagasy monarchy, which it had as its collaborator and instrument, the movement of irritation which was destined to prevail , One and the other, the Malagasy monarchy and the civil regime “(Hippolyte Laroche).
We begin by connecting Diego-Suarez, Sainte-Marie and Nosy Be- where the sovereignty of France already extends to the rest of the island to facilitate the administration. In order to avoid the claims of foreign powers who, for commercial reasons, invite France to disclose its intentions, Madagascar was first attached to the Colonial Ministry (decree of 27 January 1896) and annexed (annexation law of 6 August 1896).
The resident-general was thus obliged by the instructions of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Berthelot, a partisan of the protectorate, and subsequently by those of the Colonial Minister Gueysse, who intended to retain “the native administration as a cog in order to use for the execution of wills French, the authority that the traditions are acquired over the population “.
France does not question either the loyalty to the treaties or the authority of the queen. Also, the
Instructions received by Laroche are very thin. And if he has to solicit others, he has to wait two months to receive an answer because of communication difficulties. In any case, he has neither men nor money to replace the failing officials, only a handful of residents.
They are responsible for executing orders from the resident general, controlling the local administration and taking all necessary measures to ensure order and security in the
districts. They also perform the functions of registrar and notary, and may be invested with the functions of the justice of the peace.
“It was a situation that the insurrection would soon make intolerable.”
Especially since, from the beginning of the Menalamba movement, many Frenchmen misunderstand its causes and importance. The Bulletin of the Madagascar Committee of the
December 26, 1895, writes it elsewhere. “The troubles of the West are appeased; They have been, as you know, the work of a band of imbecile and superstitious peasants who have obeyed the perpetrators of disorder, who, in all probability, were also obedient to the great personages of Antananarivo. This error in the nature of the uprising, according to Roger Pascal, will have serious consequences.
Indeed, for him, it is necessary to distinguish several currents in the Menalamba movement: that of the old party hova who chooses to wait; That of men “of bag and rope” who intend to profit by the shake-up of the administrative bases; That of the immense crowd of poor people who, seeing their world collapse, turn to the ancient belief and in the name of the will of their ancestors, take up arms. For her subjects, “the queen – who has just been deposed – represents everything as an institution and as a descendant of Andrianampoinimerina, founder of the merina monarchy”.
Opposite, Hippolyte Laroche, who is responsible but who is deprived of the means to
responsibility. The military saw a civil authority without enthusiasm. “We were in 1896, the naval troops formed practically a professional army, and we know that Laroche is a former officer of this corps, and the victorious military could scarcely have any consideration for a Peking.” In addition, incidents Stupid, like that of the captain, who grossly apostrophizes a corporal who commits the impudence to salute a resident in uniform, sheds light on the state of mind of the expeditionary force.
Lastly, General Voyron, with reduced numbers, “was not disposed to serve Hippolytus.” Its main concern is to protect the European population concentrated in the capital and to ensure the difficult and expensive supply by a mule track.