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Madagascar News Forums Exposed The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar Reply To: The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar


A unilateral law to annex Madagascar and the islands attached to it, two speeches to end the colonial regime and give it back Independence. On 6 August 1896, the Chamber of Deputies in France took a unilateral decision and declared “Madagascar French colony”. On February 28, 1897, the last merina queen, Ranavalona III, was deposed and sent into exile to Reunion and then to Algiers, “by decree of Gallieni, which, on its own initiative and without the explicit authorisation of the government, abolished the royalty hova (Régis Rajemisa-Raolison, “Geographical and Historical Dictionary of Madagascar”).
Since that date, Madagascar is entering a new era, certainly, but also sad because being under tutelage, that of France. From General Joseph Gallieni until October 14, 1958, sixteen governors-general succeed each other at the head of the colony. After him, there are Augagneur, Picquié, Merlin, Schrameck, Garbit, Brunet, Olivier, Cayla, Coppet, Annet, Legentilhomme, Saint-Mart, Chevigné, Bargues, Soucadaux, some of whom stay twice in the country.
On October 14, 1958, the Malagasy provincial councilors gathered in Congress, determine the regime to adopt for Madagascar. A recorded vote is taken by each member of the Congress. The 208 councilors opt for the proposal “Madagascar set up as a free state in the Republican form within the Community”, against 26 abstentions, six due to absences, and no votes against. The same Congress chooses from among its members the first National Assembly of the Malagasy Republic.
The next day, October 15, was to receive the declaration of the High Commissioner of the French Republic abolishing the regime of colonization.
“Authorized by the Government of the French Republic, I take note on its behalf of the vote taken on October 14, 1958, by which the elected representatives of the Malagasy people expressed the will of the populations to see their territory become a member state of the community. I proclaim on its behalf that the Government of the Republic solemnly recognizes the institution of the Malagasy State, the lapse of the law of 6 August 1896 by which Madagascar was united to the Republic, and the free accession of that State to the Community. “
It is in these terms, it seems, that ends the period of the history of Madagascar opened by the unilateral law of annexation voted by the French Parliament.
From October 14, 1958, the provisional government formed by the President of the Council, Philibert Tsiranana, and the National Assembly are working to install the institutions of the Republic. The members of the provisional Senate are elected, the Constitution of the Republic is prepared by an Advisory Committee. In April 1959, the National Assembly adopted the national anthem, “Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô! “And the Malagasy tricolor flag” white, red, green “. On the 29th of the same month, she passed the Constitution. Then the two Chambers convened in congress, on 1 May 1959, at the Palacio de Tsimbazaza, proceeded to elect the first President of the Republic, Philibert Tsiranana, by 113 votes out of 114 votes cast (a blank ballot).
In December of the same year, during the 6th session of the Executive Council of the Community in Senegal, General de Gaulle set out his new position on the independence of the Member States of the Community. At once, President Tsiranana seized the opportunity to formulate “a request for total independence for the Malagasy Republic”. Upon his return to the country, he asked for and obtained from Parliament the special powers necessary to prepare for independence.

President Tsiranana is leading the negotiations opened in Paris on 10 February 1960 on the transfer of powers and cooperation. The agreements resulting from these negotiations were initiated on 2 April in Paris. They will be signed on 26 June at the Andafiavaratra Palace by President Philibert Tsiranana and Jean Foyer, French Secretary of State for relations with the Member States of the Community.
A few hours later, after the Vatomasina of Mahamasina, the Head of State solemnly proclaimed the Independence of the Republic to the Malagasy people, after Jean Foyer who does it in French.
“The Government of the French Republic and the Government of the Republic of Madagascar note the fulfilment by both parties of the constitutional formalities required for the entry into force of the agreements signed by them on 26 June 1960. Consequently, As from the date of this declaration, the Malagasy Republic shall attain independence and shall assume the rights and prerogatives attaching thereto together with the responsibilities arising therefrom. The French Republic recognises the Malagasy Republic as an independent and sovereign State. She expresses her wishes for prosperity and her confidence in her future. At the moment when new relations based on full equality were established between France and Madagascar, the two Governments attest to the permanence of the traditional friendship between the French people and the Malagasy people. Fidelity to the same ideal and to the same principles will inspire their free co-operation within the Community and in concert with the nations.