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Madagascar News Forums Exposed The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar Reply To: The Existence of a Dwarf people in southern Madagascar


Madagascar’s eastern lowland forest is not continuous from south to north, either because the mountain foothills descend to the sea, or because the coastal terrain supports Rich crops (see previous note). In the 1930s, we encountered very large massifs, which gradually became part of the degraded edges of the secondary stands, where we find the famous Ravinala, the tree of the traveler, a plant that is essentially Malagasy.
The raffia on the east coast alternates with the true coastal forest and is grouped into “pure stands”, of very variable extent, but more and more reduced as one moves towards the south. The last feet encountered do not reach the latitude of Manakara.
The continual exploitation by the local populations who find in this palm tree enough to satisfy many of their needs (walls and roofs for the construction of huts, food, rabbits) rarefies these stands day by day. Therefore, for their conservation, the administration envisaged a special regulation at the time. But this species is not peculiar to the east coast because it is found in the western plains.
From the first foothills of the mountain chain called the great cliff that runs from north to south, one enters the great eastern forest of clearly tropical type, tempered in some places by altitude. It is made up of tall forests with tall and imposing barrels, whose mamelonated vault allows only a very diffuse light and which dominates a secondary vegetation of undergrowth, “of unusual complexity and abundance”. Forests where creepers, brambles, bamboos, shrubs and herbaceous plants, mingled with one another, seem to oppose any penetration.
“In fact, these primary settlements only meet with the relief or the absence of any possible outlet have barred the way to the man. Elsewhere, the instinct of innate destruction in this one, has always been right in this inextricable world to leave the traces of its harmful penetration, “writes a botanist.
In some parts, this strip extends over a width of nearly 100 km, particularly in the region between Fenoarivo-atsinanana and Vohémar. But in the south-east, it splits, then breaks up into isolated massifs and ends in a very narrow spur on the shore of Tolagnaro itself. “This gives this city a grandiose setting. Here the half-rocky, half-forested mountain descends to the very edge of the sea, which is crushed at its feet bordered by magnificent beaches.
Between Toamasina and Antananarivo, and especially along the railway line which winds through this vegetable world, there are the farms necessary for the needs of the railway, such as woody fuels, sleepers, railway carriages, and so on. These farms are the responsibility of the forestry service, to which the logging workforce, the infamous Smotig, supplies the lumberjacks.
The main forestry research station where the main foreign and indigenous species have been studied since the beginning of the 20th century is located in the same area. They are intended for the reforestation of barren lands and artificial regeneration of the primitive forest.
This immense forest constitutes the almost inexhaustible reservoir of the woods which are the subject of local and export trade. It is rich in an infinite variety of species: woodworking, carpentry, construction, timber, ties, mines, crates, heating and charcoal. In addition, it contains many accessory products, of varying utility: bamboos, rubbers, gums, resins, animal and vegetable waxes, honey.
The rosewoods with their varied tones, from light brown to purplish red, are still abundant, while ebony trees are increasingly confined to inaccessible regions. The varieties of carpentry and construction, the most sought after and which give rise to the most important transactions, are Varongy, Vintanina, Faralaotra, Ambora, Nato, Rotra, Lalona, Herehitsika, Hazomena, Kijy, Merana, Manoka, Vivaona and Ramy.
As for crates and heating, Ramy white, Ambavy, Voapaka, Voamana and Tavolo are among the most widely used in the East and on the plateaus Malagasy.